India and Russia have signed 15 agreements to improve bilateral cooperation in various fields, including oil and gas, mining, road transport and coal. Now, cooperation is not limited to a buyer-seller relationship, but includes joint research and development, training, service-to-service contacts, including joint exercises. The last joint naval exercises were held in the Sea of Japan in April 2007 and joint air exercises were held in Russia in September 2007. An intergovernmental commission on military-technical cooperation is co-chaired by the defence ministers of both countries. The seventh meeting of this government commission was held in Moscow in October 2007. During the visit, an agreement was signed between the two countries on the joint development and production of potential multi-purpose fighters. India and Russia have several ongoing cooperation activities in the fields of space, science and technology, education and research. A new high-level commission for science and technology has been established in 2017. The Indian Ministry of Science and the Russian Foundation for Fundamental Research celebrated ten years of successful community science projects.
We have set up a network of Russian-Indian universities and cooperation is under way on various aspects of space technology. The most recent area of cooperation is the Arctic, which has a lot of multidisciplinary potential. India is also significantly strengthening cooperation between the states of India and the regions of Russia. We have nine partner states and sister cities agreements, and others are under consideration. During Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi`s meeting with regional governors in June 2017 and between Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj`s meeting with the governors of the Far East, a new step was taken in India`s interaction with Russian regions. Russia`s Far East is a new priority of our policy. Both governments have long considered their bilateral trade well below its optimal potential, which can only be corrected in the long term by a free trade agreement (FTA).   The two governments have set up a Joint Task Force (JSG) to negotiate the specifications of an agreement, a final agreement between India and the Eurasian Economic Union, to which Russia belongs (including Kazakhstan, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan and Belarus).  As a result, the indorused free trade agreement would lead to a much broader free trade agreement, which would include India, Russia, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan and Belarus.  Bilateral trade, once a free trade agreement is in place, is expected to significantly increase the importance of the economy in bilateral relations.
   After signing a basic Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) with the United States, India had access to encrypted communication systems for transparent communication. In March 2019, the Navy and the U.S. Navy signed a loan agreement and installed two Pacific fleets provided CENTRIXS (Combined Enterprise Regional Information Exchange System) kits at Indian Navy Headquarters. The debate is about installing more systems at different locations and platforms, while officials did not want to give a precise figure.